Border Dispute within India: The ongoing border dispute between Maharashtra and Karnataka regarding Belagavi does not seem to be easily resolved. CM of Maharashtra in a meeting with Union Home Minister Amit Shah a few days ago Eknath Shinde And Karnataka’s CM Basavaraj Bommai had talked about resolving the border dispute with the help of talks. Despite this, the war of words between the leaders of Maharashtra and Karnataka on the border dispute is not weakening.
Despite dozens of meetings of several leaders, including the Chief Ministers of Karnataka and Maharashtra, from the national level to the regional level, the border dispute regarding Belagavi has not been resolved. By the way, the border dispute in India is not only between Maharashtra and Karnataka. Let’s know in which states other than Maharashtra and Karnataka border dispute is going on and how it can be ended?
There is border dispute in these states too?
Assam-Nagaland Border Dispute: The oldest of the border disputes is the border dispute between Assam and Nagaland. This border dispute started only after the formation of Nagaland state in 1963, which continues till today. Incidents of violence keep coming to the fore on the borders of Assam and Nagaland. Nagaland integrated the Naga Hills and Tuensang Area (NHTA) as a new administrative unit by a 1925 notification defining the boundaries of the state. Not only this, Nagaland does not even accept the boundary delineation done by the Government of India.
Nagaland says that North Cachar and Nagaon districts bordering Assam should also have Naga-dominated areas and should be included in the state. At the same time, Assam says that there is illegal encroachment on the state’s borders by Nagaland, which it has to take steps to stop. Please tell that due to these reasons, the news of violence between the two states is common. Explain that the Assam government has filed a case in the Supreme Court regarding the border dispute with Nagaland. Assam wants the encroached areas to be included back in its state, this matter is still pending.
Assam-Arunachal Pradesh border dispute: Assam and Arunachal Pradesh share a border of 804 km with each other. Arunachal Pradesh says that during the reorganization of the north-eastern states, many forest areas of its part have been included in Assam. These forest areas belong to the plains and are owned by hill tribal chiefs and communities.
Arunachal Pradesh got statehood in 1987. After which a tripartite committee had recommended that some forest areas included in Assam be transferred to Arunachal Pradesh. In protest against this, Assam approached the Supreme Court and since then the matter is under consideration.
Assam-Meghalaya Border Dispute: The northeastern state of Meghalaya, which shares a border with Assam, also has border disputes. Meghalaya challenged the Assam Reorganization Act of 1971 and demanded the return of Blocks I and II of Mikir Hills (Karbi Anglong district). Meghalaya says that both these blocks notified in 1835 were part of its state. There are 12 border disputes between Assam and Meghalaya, some of which have been resolved.
Assam-Mizoram Border Dispute: During British occupation of India, Mizoram was known as Lushai Hills and it was a part of Assam. After the Union Territory was given the status of Union Territory in 1972 and full statehood in 1987, the border dispute started to arise here. Actually, the border dispute between Assam and Mizoram is related to two notifications during the British Raj. Mizoram follows the notification of 1875. In which the Lushai Hills were considered separate from the plains of Cachar.
At the same time, Assam cites the notification issued by the British Raj in 1933. As per this notification, the boundary between Lushai Hills and Manipur was delineated. However, the people of Mizoram do not accept this. The Mizo people believe that the notification of 1875 is correct. This matter is also pending in the Supreme Court.
Haryana-Himachal Pradesh border dispute: There is an inter-state border dispute between Haryana and Himachal Pradesh regarding Parwanoo area. Parwanoo area is adjacent to Haryana’s Panchkula district, due to which Himachal Pradesh has staked its claim on some part of it. In a report of the Survey of India, it was said that Himachal Pradesh has taken control of some land of Haryana’s part in Parwanoo.
Ladakh-Himachal Pradesh border dispute: There is a border dispute between the newly formed Union Territories of Ladakh and Himachal Pradesh over the Sarchu area located on the Leh-Manali road. Ladakh and Himachal Pradesh lay their own claim on the area of Sarchu. Actually, during the journey between Leh and Manali, tourists stop at Sarchu only. Sarchu area is situated between Leh district of Ladakh and Lahaul-Spiti district of Himachal. This dispute started in 2014.
Maharashtra-Karnataka Border Dispute: Belagavi (Belgaum) district has been the cause of border dispute between Maharashtra and Karnataka for a long time. Belagavi district has a mixed Marathi and Kannada speaking population. Belagavi was included in Karnataka in 1956. Maharashtra lays claim to many Marathi speaking areas of Karnataka. This matter is also pending in the Supreme Court.
How can the border dispute end?
The Supreme Court is the biggest way to end the border dispute between the states. At the same time, the central government has also divided many states on the demand of the people. The divisions of Uttar Pradesh-Uttarakhand, Bihar-Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh-Chhattisgarh, Andhra Pradesh-Telangana have been done by the Government of India only. However, the solution to the border dispute of these states can be found only through mutual consent or through the Supreme Court.
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